Friday, March 20, 2015

Chapter 4 Part VII


right to privacy
Griswold v. Connecticut
Roe v. Wade
Planned Parenthood v. Casey

Chapter 4 Part VI


probable cause
unreasonable searches and seizures
search warrant
exclusionary rule
Mapp v. Ohio
Fifth Amendment
Miranda v. Arizona
Sixth Amendment
Gideon v. Wainwright
Plea bargaining
How defendants' rights are treated in instances of terrorism
Eighth Amendment
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Gregg v. Georgia
McKleskey v. Kemp

Chapter 4 Part IV and V


Right to Assemble

  • what are the limits to assembling?  Why can anti-Semites march in a Jewish city, but pro-life protestors cannot picket outside an abortion provider's home?

Right to Associate

  • NAACP v. Alabama (1958)
Right to Bear Arms
  • how this right is extended from District of Columbia v. Heller to McDonald v. Chicago
  • are there limits to second amendment rights?

Chapter 4 Part III

Terms - if it is a Supreme Court Case, provide a brief summary of the ruling and the amendment/clause it applies to.

Prior restraint
Near v. Minnesota
Schenck v. United States
Smith Act
Roth v. United States
Miller v. California
New York Times v. Sullivan
Symbolic Speech
Texas v. Johnson
Shield Laws
Zurcher v. Stanford Daily
Commercial speech
Red Lion Broadcasting Company v. Federal Communications Commission
Buckley v. Valeo
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission

Thursday, March 19, 2015

Chapter 4, Parts I and II


Terms and cases are HUGE on the AP -- memorize and make flashcards on these important cases!

Barron v. Baltimore
Fourteenth Amendment
Due Process Clause
Gitlow v. New York
Incorporation/Selective Incorporation
Establishment Clause
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris
Engel v. Vitale
Employment Division v. Smith
Religious Freedom Restoration Act

Saturday, February 28, 2015

Chapter 15 Part VI


How did the Marshall Court monumentally shape the Court's powers?

Why did FDR try to pack the Court, and why did he fail?

In what ways did the Warren Court move in a more conservative direction?

What are some of the exceptions to the Burger Court's conservatism?

How does today's Court remain relatively conservative?  Are there any recent cases that might show that this is changing?

Chapter 15 Part V


Why do original jurisdiction courts have so little discretion to hear a case, and the Supreme Court has so much?  What is the difference between the kinds of cases they hear?

How does the solicitor general influence which cases the Supreme Court should hear?

Why is opinion writing so important to the Supreme Court's process?

How and why do liberals and conservatives disagree about original intent and meaning?

Why can it be difficult to enforce a court's decision?  Use at least one specific example.

Friday, February 27, 2015

Chapter 15 Parts 3 and 4


In what ways might the Senate have more authority over nominations and confirmations than the President?

Why is the confirmation process getting longer over time?

Why do senators have less influence over a president's nomination to the Supreme Court?

What are some of the most important criteria that will make a candidate likely for presidential nomination?

Chapter 15, Parts I and II


What are the arguments both for and against the courts' influence in policymaking?

What are the requirements a plaintiff needs to meet in order to bring about a court case?

How do interest groups influence court cases?

What is the difference between district and appellate courts?

Under what circumstances can a case make it all the way to the Supreme Court?

Friday, February 20, 2015

Chapter 14 Part V


Consider at least 2 ways that a president can control the bureaucracy.  Explain why one of these methods is more influential than the other.

Consider at least 2 ways that Congress can control the bureaucracy.  Explain why one of these methods is more influential than the other.

Can iron triangles control the bureaucracy in some ways while the bureaucracy can also use iron triangles to its advantage?  Explain.

Chapter 14 Part IV


Munn v. Illinois
Interstate Commerce Commission
National Labor Relations Board
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

Thursday, February 19, 2015

Chapter 14, Part III


The text lists several reasons why policy implementation fails.  Choose two, and explain why they are the most pressing.  Then choose one other reason and explain why it is less of a problem.

Why is the Voting Rights Act of 1965 seen as successful policy implementation?

Would it be more effective for a bureaucracy to implement policy if it turned towards privatization?  Why or why not?

Chapter 14 Part I and II


What are some of the misconceptions about bureaucrats?

How has the process of becoming a bureaucrat changed overtime?

What are some specific acts of government that helped remove corruption and partisan politics from the bureaucracy?

Name an example of each type of bureaucratic agency.  What differentiates them; i.e. why are they organized into four separate categories?

Thursday, January 15, 2015

Chapter 13 Part III


House Ways and Means Committee
Senate Finance Committee
Congressional Budget Office
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
budget resolution
budget reconciliation
authorization bill
appropriations bill
continuing resolutions


Why are there so many different influencers of the federal budget?  Choose three that were mentioned on pp. 462-463 and explain why they are important contributors to the budgetary process.

What are the various ways Congress works to ensure a budget resolution?

How does the size of government impact its budget?

Chapter 13 Part II


Military industrial complex
Social Security Act
Uncontrollable expenditures
Entitlement Programs


Why has defense spending steadily increased since the end of World War II?

Chapter 13 Part I


Income tax
Sixteenth Amendment
Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
Progressive Income Tax
Social Insurance Tax
National Debt
Debt Ceiling
Capital Budget
Tax Expenditures
Tax Reduction
Tax Reform Act of 1986

Friday, January 9, 2015

Chapter 12 Part V

No New Terms


How does the presidents frequent interactions with the public influence his ability to work with Congress?

Why is a president's approval rating typically higher at the beginning of his term?

How does the White House staff influence the press's ability to represent the president?

Is the modern presidency a threat to or a preserver of democracy?

Chapter 12 Part IV


War Powers Resolution
Legislative Veto


How have the president's war powers expanded beyond the powers defined by the Constitution?  What is the difference between a treaty and an executive agreement?

Why is a president now able to use military force even without a formal declaration of war?

Why has the war powers resolution been relatively ineffective?

How is the president's role as crisis manager integral to his expanded foreign policy power?

Thursday, January 8, 2015

Chapter 12 Part III


Pocket veto
electoral mandates
coattail effect


What are the expectations for the president based on the Constitution, and how have they evolved past that, giving the president more powers?

To what extent can a president rely on the full support of his party on his policy agenda?

To what extent does the coattail effect play into the elections of Congressmen?

How do public opinion and election results impact Congress's willingness to support the presidential agenda?

Tuesday, January 6, 2015

Chapter 12 Part II


Executive Orders
National Security Council
Council of Economic Advisors
Office of Management and Budget


Why does the president issue executive orders and how are executive orders different from congressional laws?

What is the vice-president's job according to the constitution, and how have more recent vice-presidents' roles expanded?

What are the major policymaking bodies of the Executive Office to the President and how do their roles go beyond the actions of the cabinet departments?

How has the role of the First Lady expanded in recent times?  Give an example of how a recent First Lady has impacted policy.

Monday, January 5, 2015

Chapter 12 Part I


22nd Amendment
25th Amendment


Why was the 22nd Amendment ratified, and how might it have reflected FDR's presidency versus ideal presidential authority?

How were the rules for presidential succession vague prior to the 25th Amendment?

On what grounds can a president be impeached?  Why can a president be impeached for an act that is NOT criminal?

What are the general powers given to the president by the Constitution.  What kinds of circumstances have allowed presidents to assume additional powers (give an example)?