Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Chapter 3, Part III

Questions to Consider:

  • Has federalism contributed positively to democracy?
    • Consider: allocation of funds, unique policies based on region, opportunities for political participation, access to government, party leadership, etc.
  • What are the disadvantages to federalism?
  • Why might the federal government have become increasingly involved in , especially in terms of economic policy?  Does this override federalism?

Chapter 3 Part II

Terms to Outline:

  • Dual federalism
  • Cooperative Federalism
  • Fiscal Federalism
  • Categorical Grants
  • Project Grants
  • Formula Grants
  • Block Grants
  • Crossover sanctions
  • Mandates -- underfunded and unfunded

Chapter 3, Part I

Terms to Outline:

  • Federalism
  • unitary governments
  • confederation
  • intergovernmental relations
  • enumerated powers
  • supremacy clause
  • 10th Amendment
  • 11th Amendment
  • McCulloch v. Maryland
  • "necessary and proper"
  • Gibbons v. Odgen
  • Brown v. Board
  • Full faith and credit
  • Extradition
  • Privileges and Immunities

Friday, September 5, 2014

Chapter 2, Part VII

Questions to Consider:

  • In what ways does the Constitution contrast the Declaration of Independence and place limits on individual liberties and a truly democratic government?
  • To what extent is the Constitution a democratic document?
    • Does the Bill of Rights balance out the limits to personal liberties that are proposed in other parts of the Constitution?
  • Why would the Constitution say nothing about who can and cannot vote?
    • Doesn't that in itself show that the original Constitution was undemocratic?
  • How has the government become more democratic over time?
    • What rights do we have now that we did not have when the Constitution was ratified?
    • Does this imply that the Constitution both limits the tyranny of the majority as well as its own tyranny?
  • Does the system of checks and balances make it difficult for government to act?
    • Does it, indeed, reduce the scope of government in allowing one section of government from being too powerful?

Chapter 2, Part VI

Terms to Outline:
  • amendment
  • Equal Rights amendment
  • Marbury v. Madison
  • judicial review 

Chapter 2, Part V

Terms to Outline:
  • Federalists
  • Anti-Federalists
  • Federalist Papers
  • Bill of Rights

Chapter 2, Part IV

Terms to Outline:
  • The Madisonian system
  •  Separation of Powers
  • checks and balances
  • republic

Chapter 2, Part III

Terms to Outline:
  • Virginia Plan
  • New Jersey Plan
  • Connecticut Compromise
  • Three-fifths compromise
  • writ of habeas corpus

Chapter 2, Part II

Terms to Outline:

  • Articles of Confederation
  • Shays' Rebellion
  • Annapolis Convention

Chapter 2, Part I

Terms to Outline:
  • Seven Years War
  • First Continental Congress
  • Declaration of Independence
  • natural rights
  • consent of the goverened
  • limited government

Chapter 1, Part IV

Terms to Outline:

  • Gross domestic product

Chapter 1, Part III

Terms to Outline:

  • Democracy
  • Ideal democratic process:
    • Equality in voting
    • effective participation
    • enlightened understanding
    • citizen control of the agenda
    • inclusion
  • majority rule
  • minority rights
  • representation
  • Pluralism
  • elitism
  • hyperpluralism
  • policy gridlock
  • laissez faire
  • culture war

Chapter 1, Part II

Terms to outline:

  • policymaking system
  • linkage institutions
  • policy agenda
  • political issue
  • policymaking institutions
  • public policy
  • policy impacts

Chapter 1, Part I

Terms to outline:

  • Government
  • Collective Goods
  • Politics
  • Political Participation
  • Single-issue groups